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JPG vs. PNG vs. GIF, Which Is Better?

Last Updated: May. 12, 2021
Briefs
What are the differences between JPG, PNG and GIF? When we need an image for web, logo, or art, etc., which format is a better option? Is there any easy image converter? Find your answer now!

JPG, PNG and GIF have become the most common image containers. Though we've been very familiar with these image formats, most people can hardly tell their differences, not speaking of answering the question "When should you use a JPG, a PNG or a GIF?".

If you are one of them, the article is written for you. After reading through the article, you'll know the major differences between JPG, PNG and GIF and when to use them easily.

Part 1 - What Are JPG, PNG and GIF?
Part 3 - How to Convert JPG/PNG/GIF?

Part 1 - What Are JPG, PNG and GIF?

JPG(JPEG)

"JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable trade-off between storage size and image quality. " - Wikipedia.

JPG, a.k.a. JPEG, is short for "Joint Photographic Experts Group". It's a standard image file type. JPG technology finds & deletes redundant information as well as graphics that humans can't see.

In most cases, JPG's bit depth is 8. - That means it has 2^8(Red) x 2^8(Green) x 2^8(Blue) = 16,777,216 colors.

8-bit JPG color depth.

Image: 8-bit JPG color depth.

PNG

"Portable Network Graphics is a raster-graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was developed as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format. PNG supports palette-based images, grayscale images, and full-color non-palette-based RGB or RGBA images." - Wikipedia.

Originally, PNG was designed to replace GIF, since GIF had a controversy over its licensing agreement. PNG adopts LZ77 and more compression algorithms to mark & memorize repetitive data, therefore, compressing PNG file is lossless. PNG's bit depth supports 8 bit, 24 bit and 32 bit. PNG allows you to save your image with a transparent background. - All merits mentioned here make millions of webmasters choose PNG as web logos & pictures.

Note: Not all browsers support PNG-8 (8-bit PNG). Therefore, it's better to avoid PNG-8 when the image is created for world wide web.

GIF

"The Graphics Interchange Format (GIF; /d??f/ JIF or /g?f/ GHIF) is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the online services provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on 15 June 1987. It has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability between applications and operating systems." - Wikipedia.

GIF uses LZW lossless data compression technique with 8 bit depth. Therefore, it has 16,777,216 true colors like JPG does: 2^8(Red) x 2^8(Green) x 2^8(Blue). GIF can play animated motions.

Part 2 - JPG vs. PNG vs. GIF Table

ComparisonJPGPNGGIF
CompressionLossyLosslessLossless
Bit Depth8 Bit8 Bit, 24 Bit & 32 Bit8 Bit
AnimationDoesn't SupportDoesn't SupportSupport
Using Casesweb page graphicsweb page graphics, true color logos, transparent graphicssimple color logo, social graphics, animated images
Pros*Small size*True color - rich color rendering,
*Transparent background,
*Good for compression
*Animation
*Transparent background
Cons*Graphics' color may not be true.*Original image size can be larger than JPG's.*Graphics' color may not be true.
*Sometimes GIF's file size is large, while it's small.(Hard to control GIF size. ).

Part 3 - How to Convert JPG/PNG/GIF?

Now, you've known the benefits and disadvantages of JPG, PNG and GIF. What if you need your image in another format? Try image converters.

How to Convert PNG to JPG or Turn JPG to PNG?

Step 1
Open FotoJet.com and go [Edit a Photo].
Step 2
Find [Open] > [Computer], select your PNG image or JPG image.
Step 3
Click [Download], change the format to "JPG" when converting PNG to JPG. Else, if you need a PNG by converting a JPG, then you'll pick "PNG" as the download format.
How to convert PNG to JPG or turn PNG to JPG.

Image: How to convert PNG to JPG or turn PNG to JPG.

Note
Note: If you turn 24-bit or 32-bit PNG images to a GIF, your GIF will lose a large portion of colors. The 8-bit GIF will subtract colors from original 24-bit or 32-bit images.

How to Convert JPG/PNG to GIF?

Step 1
Open giphy.com/create/gifmaker and select "GIF" to choose a JPG or PNG image.
Choose GIF function in GIPHY.

Image: Choose GIF function in GIPHY.

Step 2
In the new GIF-creating interface, hit "+ Add more images".
Add more images to create a GIF.

Image: Add more images to create a GIF.

Step 3
Find [Browse Files] under "Slideshow Settings" to add other JPG, PNG images.
Browse images to add.

Image: Browse images to add.

Step 4
Go [Continue to Decorate] to edit your GIF image. There, you can add caption/text, fun stickers, filters to your GIF image, or draw anything you like.
Edit GIF image.

Image: Edit GIF image.

Step 5
When creating GIF is finished, click [Upload to GIPHY]. Right click your GIF and save it..
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